Nor it seems, but it makes 10 years that Android was introduced by Google. On 5 November 2007, the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of 84 companies led by the seeker, announcing the “first platform for mobile devices truly open and complete”, entering the market dominated by smartphones with Symbian and BlackBerry.
The first known version of the Android
The Android was very different from the one we know today. One of the prototypes had the interface similar to that of the BlackBerry, and a navigation based on physical buttons, and menus full of items — the opposite of the newly born iPhone THE. This video from November 2007 shows Steve Horowitz, one of the software engineers responsible for Android, demonstrating the system:
Horowitz begins by showing the phone app and a primitive version of Google Maps. As the multitouch screen was still restricted to the iPhone, released that year, you had to push a button or access the menu to zoom in on the map, instead of simply doing a pinch gesture. There is also a limited system of notifications, no support actions.
A high point is when Horowitz demonstrates the web browser of Android; Chrome did not yet exist. The pages were accessed “by the fast 3G data network”, being that you could drag your finger to browse through web sites that have a full understanding of the slowness in the animations!). Even so, it was something amazing for the time, since most of the mobile phones could only access WAP sites, as well more simple.
Are also displayed applications to demonstrate the great graphics capability of the Android platform,” as the Global Time, which showed the planet Earth in 3D with the lighting based on the time zones (and with a frame rate very low for today’s standards); as well as a rendering of Quake with OpenGL.
Without the popular features of today
It is curious how the first versions of Android had features that today are treated as “natural” in smartphones.
The widgets on the home screen, the copy and paste function in the browser and even the auto rotation of the screen (through the accelerometer) only arrived in Android 1.5 Cupcake, released in 2009.
You also couldn’t share your mobile network to another device via Wi-Fi: this only arrived in 2010, with Android 2.2 Froyo. And the system only began to support multiple cameras on 2.3 Gingerbread (for “multiple”, understand a back and a front).
I still remember installing third-party applications to capture the screen, since the function of screenshot surfaced only in the 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich, 2011.
But the beginning was promising
In spite of the technological limitations, the Android was already born strong. The list of founding members had with major carriers (T-Mobile, Telecom Italia, Telefónica and others), component manufacturers (Broadcom, Intel, Marvell, Nvidia, Qualcomm, Texas Instruments and others) and companies with mobile devices (HTC, LG, Motorola and Samsung).
The first device was the HTC Dream, released in September 2008: it had a physical keyboard slider, 192 MB RAM, single-core processor 528 MHz Qualcomm (support a-chip multi-core came only in 2011, the Android 3.0 Honeycomb), screen, TFT LCD the capacitive 3.2-inch (320×480 pixels) and battery 1,150 mAh battery. T-Mobile sold 1 million units of the Dream also called the G1) in six months.
In addition, the support of the developers was a concern from the beginning: at the end of the video, Sergey Brin, cofounder of Google, announced a total prize pool of$ 10 million for them to create the best applications for the platform. The Android Developer Challenge received 1.788 entries from 70 countries between January and April 2008.
Currently, Android dominates the global market for smartphones, with a share of 85% in the first quarter of 2017, followed by iOS, with 14,7%, according to IDC. In Brazil, Google is with 95,5%, leaving 4.5% to Apple. Samsung is the market leader in Android (and smartphones) since the end of 2011, the year of the launch of the Galaxy S II.
The mobile market has changed quickly, coming out of the dual-Symbian-BlackBerry-Android-iOS, but there are no signs that Android should lose its dominance anytime soon. Several systems have emerged in the last 10 years, such as Windows Phone, Windows Mobile, Bada, MeeGo, Tizen, Firefox OS, Ubuntu Touch and webOS — but they ended up failing or being reassessed for other devices, such as TVs.
As will be the scenario in 2027?